Ancient Coin SAMARIA Phoenician Galley Persian King Lion Silver Obol RARE COIN!
Sidonian war galley with oars cruising left over waves
Aramaic “SMYRN” above
Persian King combating lion
Aramaic “MZ” Mazaios
These styles are originated from the silver coins of Sidon. Minted in the name of Mazaios, the last Persian satrap of the area. This type is most likely to be amongst the last to be struck in Samaria, because the regional coinage appears to have actually stopped with the arrival of Alexander the Great. These coins minted in Samaria are rather unusual and cost 400$+ if in VF condition.
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The attribution label is printed on archival museum quality paper
An intriguing little silver coin minted in Samaria. Sidonian war galley on obverse and Persian King battling Lion on reverse. This coin includes display screen case, stand and attribution label printed on museum quality paper connected as imagined. A fantastic method to show an ancient coins collection. You are welcome to ask any concerns prior purchasing or bidding. We can deliver it anywhere within continental U.S. for a flat rate of 6.90$. It consists of shipping, shipment verification and product packaging product.
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Mazaeus was the penultimate Persian satrap (guv) of Cilicia. His follower in Cilicia was Arsames, who was eventually expelled by Alexander the Great.
At the Battle of Gaugamela, Mazaeus commanded the ideal flank with the Syrian, Median, Mesopotamian, Parthian, Sacian, Tapurian, Hyrcanian, Sacesinian, Cappadocian, and Armenian cavalry.
As a benefit for his acknowledgment of Alexander as the genuine follower of Darius, Mazaeus was rewarded by having the ability to maintain the satrapy of Babylon, as a Hellenistic satrap. Alexander left a Macedonian, Apollodorus of Amphipolis, as the military leader of the fort of Babylon, and another as tax-collector. Mazaeus continued minting coins under his name, and later on without his name.
The child of the Persian king Darius III, Stateira II, was initially betrothed to him, however he passed away prior to they might be wed. She was ultimately wed to Alexander.
Waldemar Heckel recommended that the Alexander Sarcophagus may have been committed to him.
Mazaeus was changed as satrap of Babylon by Stamenes.
The hill nation of Ephraim– not of Judah– was the cradle of ancient Israelite civilization. A triangle of 3 cities– Shechem, Tirzah, and Samaria– lay near the center of this location and served as spiritual and political. The claim on royal power, nevertheless, showed short-term in Shechem and Tirzah. Around 884 B.C.E., King Omri of Israel acquired the family-owned estate of a male called Shemer, made it his political capital, and called the brand-new city Samaria (Hebrew, Shomron). Throughout its presence, Samaria stayed little in size– more a royal substance than a diverse city. In the center of the acropolis, Omri’s employees synthetically extended numerous scarps in the bedrock to produce a raised, rectangle-shaped platform (about 6,732 square meters) that increased around 3.5 meters above the surrounding rock. This raised location accommodated the royal palace, a big yard, and smaller sized royal structures. Up until the fall of Israel in 721 B.C.E., Samaria stayed that kingdom’s political center. Even the surrounding area handled its name, and over 160 years later on leading countries continued to describe the city as the “House of Omri.”
Omri’s kid, Ahab, ruled after him (circa 873–851 B.C.E.) and was among Israel’s most effective kings. Ahab and Jezebel, his Phoenician other half, ended up being the notorious couple whom the scriptural authors enjoyed to dislike, extrabiblical texts and archaeology inform the fuller story behind the grand city these effective figures called house. Ahab broadened the size of Samaria and moved Israel into worldwide politics by battling drawn-out wars versus the kingdom of Aram, having a hard time for hegemony over Transjordan, and taking part in an anti-Assyrian league at Qarqar. His marital relationship, policies, and foreign alliances welcomed the scriptural authors’ refuse.
The Hebrew Bible obliquely applauds and slams the luxurious royal homes supposedly built by Ahab. Excavators have actually recuperated a shocking amount of ivory items, sculptures, wall panels, furnishings trim, and glass inlays from Samaria’s top. These products show Israelite, Phoenician, and Egyptian creative themes with some direct parallels to ivories discovered in the synchronous Assyrian capital, Nimrud. The existence of unworked tusks recommends that Samaria may even have actually been a production center for these carvings. The inscriptions appear to show 2 unique designs– one in low relief with easy borders and backgrounds, the other in much deeper relief with less traces of colored insets. The previous group often appeared so extravagantly embellished with gold foil and inlays of lapis lazuli that valuable little of the gleaming-white ivory really stayed noticeable. Such noticeable luxury unquestionably swollen orthodox Yahwists like Elijah and the early writing prophets who concentrated on social justice and the bad.
Samaria’s wealth and significance throughout the serene and flourishing reign of Jeroboam II (793-753 B.C.E., according to E. R. Thiele) is seen in the 68 ostraca discovered in the “Ostraca House” that lay west of and listed below the palace. These ostraca (engravings on pottery fragments) date to the early 8th century B.C.E. and record little deliveries of red wine and oil to the capital from clan-based neighborhoods in the surrounding countryside (consisting of Shechem, however not the rebuilt Tirzah). Individual names confirmed on these fragments belong either to absentee proprietors momentarily living in the royal substance of Samaria and getting the deliveries from their own regional estates or to clan heads who were sending out tax payments to the king. As the variety of towns on the seaward slopes of the Ephraimite hill nation grew, sparsely inhabited Samaria protected its status as a city of the elite. It stayed a “prohibited city” to regional Hebrew prophets (Elijah, Amos), other than for those locked up there (Micaiah ben Imlah).
Archaeologists have actually not discovered Israelite temples on Samaria’s top, though a possible shrine lay almost 900 meters east of the royal substance. Alluring scenes and engravings dating from the early 8th century B.C.E. have actually appeared far south of Samaria at Kuntillet Ajrud, a separated caravanserai in the northern Sinai Desert running as a state-sponsored method station (recall Elijah’s flight in 1Kgs 19:1 -8) under the authority of Samaria’s kings. One graffito describes “Yahweh of Samaria and his asherah.” Scholars discuss whether “asherah/Asherah” describes the fecund Canaanite goddess herself, to her cultic sign (a spiritual tree), or more generically to a shrine/sanctuary or goddess/consort. Whatever else this intriguing engraving might indicate, it appears to suggest the existence of an active cult and possibly even a temple to Yahweh at Samaria. Such a structure might undoubtedly have actually existed there, Ahab (who provided his children Yahwistic names: Ahaziah, “held by Yahweh,” and Jehoram/Joram, “Yahweh is honored”) obviously likewise constructed temples or shrines to the Canaanite gods Baal and Asherah, according to the scriptural text. Taken together, the scriptural and extrabiblical proof recommends a degree of spiritual pluralism at Samaria that would have infuriated the orthodox Yahwistic facility in Israel. In its wider world, Samaria appears to have actually kept a sort of regulated syncretism, embracing aspects of a range of religions and practices. In your home, its cult of Yahweh was, at best, monolatrous. The paradox that the Ajrud engraving might acknowledge a Yahwistic temple at Samaria while the scriptural authors discuss just the shrines to Baal and Asherah highlights the historiography behind the Bible’s doctrinal program versus Samaria.
The Roman province of Judea, in some cases spelled in its initial Latin types of Iudæa or Iudaea to identify it from the geographical area of Judea, integrated the areas of Judea, Samaria and Idumea, and crossed parts of the previous areas of the Hasmonean and Herodian kingdoms of Judea. It was called after Herod Archelaus’s Tetrarchy of Judea, however the Roman province incorporated a much bigger area. The name “Judea” was stemmed from the Kingdom of Judah of the 6th century BCE.
According to the historian Josephus, right away following the deposition of Herod Archelaus, Judea was developed into a Roman province, throughout which time the Roman procurator was provided authority to penalize by execution. The basic population likewise started to be taxed by Rome. The province of Judea was the scene of discontent at its starting in 6 CE throughout the Census of Quirinius, the Crucifixion of Jesus circa 30–33 CE, and numerous wars, referred to as the Jewish– Roman wars, were combated throughout its presence. The Second Temple of Jerusalem was ruined by the Romans in 70 CE near completion of the First Jewish– Roman War, and the Fiscus Judaicus was set up. After the Bar Kokhba revolt (132–135), the Roman Emperor Hadrian altered the name of the province to Syria Palaestina and the name of the city of Jerusalem to Aelia Capitolina, which specific scholars conclude was an effort to detach the Jewish individuals from their homeland.
The very first intervention of Rome in the area dates from 63 BCE, following completion of the Third Mithridatic War, when Rome developed the province of Syria. After the defeat of Mithridates VI of Pontus, Pompey (Pompey the Great) sacked Jerusalem and set up Hasmonean prince Hyrcanus II as Ethnarch and High Priest however not as king. Some years later on Julius Caesar designated Antipater the Idumaean, likewise called Antipas, as the very first Roman Procurator. Antipater’s child Herod (Herod the Great) was designated “King of the Jews” by the Roman Senate in 40 BCE however he did not get military control till 37 BCE. Throughout his reign the last agents of the Hasmoneans were removed, and the big port of Caesarea Maritima was developed.
Herod passed away in 4 BCE, and his kingdom was divided amongst 3 of his kids, 2 of whom (Philip and Herod Antipas) ended up being tetrarchs (‘ rulers of a quarter part’). The 3rd kid, Archelaus, ended up being an ethnarch and ruled over half of his dad’s kingdom. Among these principalities was Judea, representing the area of the historical Judea, plus Samaria and Idumea.
Archelaus ruled Judea so terribly that he was dismissed in 6 CE by the Roman emperor Augustus, after an appeal from his own population. Herod Antipas, ruler of Galilee and Perea from 4 BCE remained in 39 CE dismissed by Emperor Caligula. Herod’s kid Philip ruled the northeastern part of his dad’s kingdom.
Judea as Roman provinces
In 6 CE Archelaus’ tetrachy (Judea, plus Samaria and Idumea) came under direct Roman administration. The Judean province did not at first consist of Galilee, Gaulanitis (today’s Golan), nor Peraea or the Decapolis. Its earnings was of little value to the Roman treasury, however it managed the land and seaside sea paths to the “bread basket” of Egypt and was a buffer versus the Parthian Empire. The capital was at Caesarea Maritima, not Jerusalem. Quirinius ended up being Legate( Governor) of Syria and carried out the very first Roman tax census of Syria and Judea, which was opposed by the Zealots. Judea was not a senatorial province, nor a royal province, however rather was a “satellite of Syria” governed by a prefect who was a knight of the Equestrian Order (as was that of Roman Egypt), not a previous consul or praetor of senatorial rank.
Still, Jews residing in the province kept some type of self-reliance and might evaluate transgressors by their own laws, consisting of capital offenses, up until c. 28 CE. The Province throughout the late Hellenistic duration and early Roman duration was divided into 5 conclaves, or administrative districts: Jerusalem, Gadara, Amathus, Jericho and Sepphoris
The ‘Crisis under Caligula’ (37–41) has actually been proposed as the very first open break in between Rome and the Jews.
Between 41 and 44 CE, Judea restored its small autonomy, when Herod Agrippa was made King of the Jews by the emperor Claudius, therefore in a sense bring back the Herodian dynasty, although there is no sign that Judea stopped to be a Roman province just due to the fact that it no longer had a prefect. Claudius had actually chosen to enable, throughout the empire, procurators, who had actually been individual representatives to the Emperor typically working as provincial tax and financing ministers, to be raised to governing magistrates with complete state authority to keep the peace. He might have raised Judea’s procurator to royal governing status since the royal legate of Syria was not understanding to the Judeans.
Following Agrippa’s death in 44, the province went back to direct Roman control, integrating Agrippa’s individual areas of Galilee and Peraea, under a row of procurators. Agrippa’s child, Agrippa II was designated King of the Jews48 He was the seventh and last of the Herodians.
From 70 up until 135 Judea’s contumacy needed a governing Roman legate efficient in commanding legions. Since Agrippa II kept commitment to the Empire, the Kingdom was kept up until he passed away, either in 93/94 or 100, when the location went back to finish, concentrated Roman control.
Judaea was the phase of 2, potentially 3, significant Jewish– Roman wars:
66–70 CE– First Jewish– Roman War, leading to the siege of Jerusalem, the damage of Herod’s Temple and ending with the siege of Masada in 73–74 (see Josephus). Prior to the war Judaea was a Roman province of the 3rd classification, that is, under the administration of a procurator of equestrian rank and under the general control of the guv of Syria. After the war it ended up being an independent Roman province with the main name of Judaea and under the administration of a guv of praetorian rank, and was for that reason gone up into the 2nd classification (it was just later on, in about 120, that Judaea ended up being a consular province, that is, with a guv of consular rank).
115–117– the Kitos War; Judea’s function in it is contested however, as it played itself out primarily in the Jewish diaspora and there are no totally credible sources on Judea’s involvement in the disobedience, nor exists any historical method of differentiating damage levels of 117 CE from those of the significant Bar Kokhba revolt of simply a years and a half later on.
132–135– Bar Kokhba’s revolt; Following the suppression of Bar Kokhba’s revolt, the emperor Hadrian altered the name of the province to Syria Palaestina and Jerusalem ended up being Aelia Capitolina which Hayim Hillel Ben-Sasson states was done to remove the historic ties of the Jewish individuals to the area. This did not avoid the Jewish individuals from referring to the nation in their works as either “Yehudah” or “The Land of Israel”
Under Diocletian (284–305) the area was divided into 3 provinces:
Palaestina Prima (Judea, Samaria, Idumea, Peraea and the seaside plain, with Caesarea Maritima as capital)
Palaestina Secunda (Galilee,.
Palaestina Tertia (the Negev desert, with Petra as capital).
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